The nucleolus is a dense subnuclear membraneless organelle that assembles around clusters of rRNA genes and functions in ribosome biogenesis. This gene encodes a nucleolar RNA-associated protein that is highly conserved between species. RNase treatment of permeabilized cells indicates that the nucleolar localization is RNA dependent. Further studies suggest that the protein is associated with ribosome biogenesis through an interaction with pre-rRNA primary transcripts. Alternative splicing has been observed at this locus and two splice variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
NOL6 (Nucleolar Protein 6) is a Protein Coding gene.Diseases associated with NOL6 include Diamond-Blackfan Anemia.Among its related pathways are rRNA processing in the nucleus and cytosol and Processing of Capped Intron-Containing Pre-mRNA.Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include RNA binding and RNA binding.
For taxable years 2020 and 2021, California suspended the NOL carryover deduction. Both corporations and individual taxpayers may continue to compute and carryover an NOL during the suspension period. Different rules apply depending on the amount of income per year.
You may elect to waive your carryback by marking the checkbox on an original timely filed return (including extensions), or on an amended return filed within 6 months of the original due date of the return (not including extensions).
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Humic acids from a range of Italian soils and the residual suspended organic material (light fraction litter) associated with them have been studied by pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry, solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and infra-red spectroscopy. Although the major vegetation types on the soils differ considerably, spectra of humic acids from soils with different major vegetation types were similar. Because no relationship between humic acid structure and major vegetation type was observed, gross assumptions about humic acid structure should not be drawn from a knowledge of macro-vegetation types on soils. Light fraction litter in the soils from minor vegetation may be more significant in affecting the eventual structure of the humic acids.
By screening a mouse embryonic stem cell cDNA library with a partial Nol6 clone, followed by 5-prime RACE, database analysis, and RT-PCR of human hepatic cell line RNA, Utama et al. (2002) cloned full-length human and mouse NOL6, which they called NRAP. They identified NOL6-alpha, -beta, and -gamma isoforms that contain 1,146, 1,007, and 699 amino acids, respectively. NOL6-alpha shares 88% amino acid identity with mouse Nol6-alpha. Both human and mouse coding regions are GC-rich and share weak homology to a PAP/25A core domain, which is found in poly(A) polymerases (605553). NOL6 contains potential nuclear localization signals and has several potential phosphorylation sites. Immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence studies localized Nol6 expression within the nucleolus in a variety of rodent cell lines, although expression was not specifically localized to rRNA transcription sites. Nol6 localized to the condensed chromosomes during mitosis in a pattern similar to that of B23/nucleophosmin (NPM1; 164040). In situ hybridization studies in mouse embryos showed ubiquitous Nol6 expression during development. Immunoblot studies of mouse tissues detected strong expression in spleen, testis, colon, kidney, stomach, and brain, with moderate expression in lung, liver, and small intestine, and low expression in heart and skeletal muscle.
Utama et al. (2002) showed that both actinomycin D and RNase treatment disrupted Nol6 nucleolar localization while cyclohexamide had no effect. They suggested that Nol6 interacts either directly or indirectly with the pre-rRNA transcript.
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The aim of the present study was to develop and validate an objective index for nociception level (NoL) of patients under general anesthesia, based on a combination of multiple physiological parameters. Twenty-five patients scheduled for elective surgery were enrolled. For clinical reference of NoL, the combined index of stimulus and analgesia was defined as a composite of the surgical stimulus level and a scaled effect-site concentration of opioid. The physiological parameters heart rate, heart rate variability (0.15-0.4 Hz band power), plethysmograph wave amplitude, skin conductance level, number of skin conductance fluctuations, and their time derivatives, were extracted. Two techniques to incorporate these parameters into a single index representing the NoL have been proposed: NoLlinear, based on an ordinary linear regression, and NoLnon-linear, based on a non-linear Random Forest regression. NoLlinear and NoLnon-linear significantly increased after moderate to severe noxious stimuli (Wilcoxon rank test, p
Background: The majority of postoperative patients report moderate to severe pain, possibly related to opioid underdosing or overdosing during surgery. Objective guidance of opioid dosing using the Nociception Level (NOL) index, a multiparameter artificial intelligence-driven index designed to monitor nociception during surgery, may lead to a more appropriate analgesic regimen, with effects beyond surgery. We tested whether NOL-guided opioid dosing during general anaesthesia results in less postoperative pain.
Methods: In this two-centre RCT, 50 patients undergoing abdominal surgery under fentanyl/sevoflurane anaesthesia were randomised to NOL-guided fentanyl dosing or standard care in which fentanyl dosing was based on haemodynamics. The primary endpoint of the study was postoperative pain assessed in the PACU.
Results: Median postoperative pain scores were 3.2 (inter-quartile range 1.3-4.3) and 4.8 (3.0-5.3) in NOL-guided and standard care groups, respectively (P=0.006). Postoperative morphine consumption (standard deviation) was 0.06 (0.07) mg kg-1 (NOL-guided group) and 0.09 (0.09) mg kg-1 (control group; P=0.204). During surgery, fentanyl dosing was not different between groups (NOL-guided group: 6.4 [4.2] μg kg-1vs standard care: 6.0 [2.2] μg kg-1, P=0.749), although the variation between patients was greater in the NOL-guided group (% coefficient of variation 66% in the NOL-guided group vs 37% in the standard care group). 041b061a72